In recent years, political ecologists and political scientists have published important critiques of the epistemological and political bases of conservation theory and practice. This session considers three such critiques: of the conservation as biopolitics, conservation as an increasingly militarised operation, and conservation as neoliberalism.
Biermann, Christine, and Becky Mansfield. “Biodiversity, Purity, and Death: Conservation Biology as Biopolitics.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 32, no. 2 (April 1, 2014): 257–73. https://doi.org/10.1068/d13047p.
Duffy, Rosaleen. “War, by Conservation.” Geoforum 69 (February 1, 2016): 238–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2015.09.014.
Büscher, Bram, Sian Sullivan, Katja Neves, Jim Igoe, and Dan Brockington. “Towards a Synthesized Critique of Neoliberal Biodiversity Conservation.” Capitalism Nature Socialism 23, no. 2 (June 1, 2012): 4–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/10455752.2012.674149.