Critiques of biodiversity conservation

Discussion date:

13 November 2018

Discussion Description:

In recent years, political ecologists and political scientists have published important critiques of the epistemological and political bases of conservation theory and practice. This session considers three such critiques: of the conservation as biopolitics, conservation as an increasingly militarised operation, and conservation as neoliberalism.


Biermann, Christine, and Becky Mansfield. “Biodiversity, Purity, and Death: Conservation Biology as Biopolitics.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 32, no. 2 (April 1, 2014): 257–73.

Duffy, Rosaleen. “War, by Conservation.” Geoforum 69 (February 1, 2016): 238–48.

Büscher, Bram, Sian Sullivan, Katja Neves, Jim Igoe, and Dan Brockington. “Towards a Synthesized Critique of Neoliberal Biodiversity Conservation.” Capitalism Nature Socialism 23, no. 2 (June 1, 2012): 4–30.

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